Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. It is necessary to look at several areas of each theory to seek the difference in each.
He seeks to define morality: Like Socrates, Plato believes that wisdom is the supreme goal of existence.
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His system far extends that of Socrates and encompasses a synthesis of all that was known at his time, especially the doctrines of Socrates, Heraclitus, Parmenides and the Pythagoreans.
The dialectic is essential: The idea is verified by the conclusions it leads.
If these conclusions are untenable, the assumption is rejected. Another idea takes its place, to suffer the same fate until one finds one that stands up to scrutiny. Each hypothesis is a degree that we rise to the idea. But the dialectic is not the whole story. There are secrets impenetrable to reason and of which the Gods which have retained possession.
They may, indeed, leave something to see for some men, like poets and seers, for example. Before being united to the body, the soul has contemplated the idea and, through reminiscence, it can recognise when it is lowered into a body.
By living with the material, the soul loses its purity, and in it there are three different parts: An upper part, reason, our contemplative faculty, made to govern and maintain harmony between it and the lower parts: The weakness of this representation is made insufficient by the free will.
Plato with Socrates argue that the knowledge of good necessarily entails membership of the will, which is contrary to experience. The fundamental basis of government is justice, and it cannot last without it. Via Plato, Socrates rejects this definition in the first book of the Republic: It is the same in the city.
It consists of three classes of citizens for the three parts of the soul: For these three classes of citizens, justice is, as in the individual, to perform its functions so that there is harmony between the three rungs. In addition, Plato holds that the greatest danger is in a state of division.
As such, Plato does not consider, as does Xenophon for instant, major States such as the Persian Empire, he models his own on the small city which existed across Greece.
Also, in order to avoid division, the city removes the two most formidable enemies of the unit: The first was destroyed by the joint estate, the second by the community of women and children, which are to be raised by the state.Aristotle was a pupil of Plato.
Despite being taught by Plato they had different theories and views. Their ethics were very typical and traditional of ancient Greece but Aristotle detailed virtue ethics and the path to happiness. Plato’s political theories for a utopian society varied . Comparing the political theories of any two great philosophers is a complex task.
Plato and Aristotle are two such philosophers who had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. Jun 19, · The differences between Plato and Aristotle’s theories outweigh the similarities.
However, both philosophers do leave holes and questions in their arguments. Plato is often criticised for being too elitist in his views, as he requires a great amount of time devoted to asceticism in order to alphabetnyc.coms: 6.
Aristotle’s argument against the ideas of Plato is everywhere in his work, but especially in Metaphysics, I, 9, XIII and XIV. In this book, Aristotle explains the origin of the Platonic theory.
In this book, Aristotle explains the origin of the Platonic theory.
Politics of Plato and Aristotle To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist.
Aristotle is the scientific genius, the patient debater and the undisputed master of logic, his philosophy is like a vast, unruffled pond compared to Plato’s turbulent river. He is the father of political wisdom and political realism”. Plato has dealt with a number of concepts such as justice, ideal state, laws etc.