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The issue of gun control in the United States generates heated and passionate debate whenever it comes up. Kates has fervently argued against firearm regulation.
As you will appreciate, both contributors provide rational support for their positions with little common ground. We believe that the absence of common ground here is, in fact, part of the problem.
If we are to have any chance of solving the problems of civilians maiming and killing other civilians with firearms, individuals on both sides of the gun-control debate — as well as those in the broad, moderate middle — will need to see the issue as complicated, nuanced, and, for many, laden with emotion.
It is our sincerest hope that even those on the extremes begin to look for areas of agreement, and use those areas as a point of departure for sensible approaches to minimize the dreadful harm that gunshot injuries cause.
The social decisions we make or fail to make today will not simply affect our patients, but will also affect our neighbors, friends, and families. Why is gun possession a greater problem in the United States than in other developed countries?
Gun possession by ordinary citizens of the world is a potential threat to public health. This is a result of the damage coefficient that guns possess. When anger is combined with ready access to high-damage coefficient weapons, the concern is that the expression of that anger could be fatal.
The real problem with guns is the potential damage that they can inflict [ 16 ]. Yes, some small European nations that severely restrict guns have lower murder rates than the United States, but their minimal populations make them noncomparable. Russia, a more comparable country, banned handguns in the s, yet Russian murder rates have always exceeded the United States.
As of the yearRussian murder rates were four times higher than the United States [ 12 ]. Admittedly, murder is somewhat lower in various handgun-banning former Russian nations. Their murder rates are only thrice that of the United States [ 15 ].
The murder rates of European nations that liberally allow guns like France, Germany, Austria, and Italy are much lower than that of the United States, and one-third of the rates for gun-restrictive European nations. InEngland had no gun laws and the lowest murder rate in Europe.
SinceEngland has adopted more stringent gun restrictions until when handguns were banned completely [ 7 ]. Under these progressive restrictions, English violence progressively increased. Today, England has the highest violent crime rates in Europe except for Russia [ 7 ]. Should citizens have the right to bear arms?
There are no studies supporting the fear that gun ownership would increase the likelihood of ordinary, law-abiding citizens to commit murder. Rather, studies suggest [ 13 ] that individuals who are likely to commit murder, do so in the course of long criminal careers consisting primarily of nonviolent crimes, but including larger than normal for other criminals proportions of violent crimes.
Studies dating back to the s invariably show virtually all murderers have lifelong criminal records [ 6 ]. Who is trustworthy with arms? Every state has passed laws exonerating police from liability for nonprotection. While armed criminals commit thousands of crimes per year, armed citizens foil many of those crimes [ 9 ].
When victims draw guns, criminals almost always flee. For criminals, gunfights are a losing proposition. It is surely time for our country to have a serious discussion about gun control. However, I think that this should not be the focus of discussion; instead we should examine the human rights claim that people make to justify their owning a gun, and limit the discussion to the most pernicious claim: Protection from unwarranted bodily harm is a basic right that we all can claim, and law-abiding citizens should be able to possess a weapon appropriate to that end.
But what sort of weapon? Victims of injuries suffered from weapons with a low-damage coefficient small percussive objects like sticks, bottles, glasses typically incur less severe injuries, and have a very high recovery rate [ 1 ].
Knife wounds and larger percussive objects thick bottles, bats, and chairs are next in terms of increasing weapon damage coefficient. The weapon damage coefficient of firearms makes a quantum jump in severity and death, and permanent injury rates are significantly higher [ 1 ].
Weapons and weapon damage coefficient exist on a continuum. Logically, there must be a control somewhere. The only question is where on this continuum of armaments do we begin banning weapons [ 1 ]?When we talk about gun control discussion, it all roots from the Second Amendment.
It was passed along with the rest of the Bill of Rights at the very dawn of our country in the late 18 th century. There, the right for individual gun possession was first formulated and regulated.
– United States v. Cruikshank; – United States. The report states that, “Federal funding for research on gun-related mortality is far below levels for other sources of mortality in the United States.” As a result, more research is warranted in virtually all aspects of gun control policy, including on officer-involved shootings, defensive .
Gun Control in America: Student Discussion Guide In the wake of gun-violence incidents in American schools and based on the recommendations of Vice President Joe Biden’s task force, President Barack Obama proposed a comprehensive package of firearm regulations.
Gun law in the United States is defined by a number of federal statutes. These laws regulate the manufacture, trade, possession, transfer, record keeping, transport, and destruction of firearms, ammunition, and firearms accessories.
Discussion on Gun Control in the United States – Sample Sociology Essay. The problem of gun control in the United States is always a hot discussion disturbing masses as long as there are proponents and opponents of this policy. Gun Control in America: Student Discussion Guide In the wake of gun-violence incidents in American schools and based on the recommendations of Vice President Joe Biden’s task force, President Barack Obama proposed a .