There is no question more crucial to man than the question, What is man? What kind of being is he? What are his essential attributes?
A government cannot be perfect, as history shows us the concept of the perfect government leads to a totalitarian society. Republics, Democracies, Dictatorships and Communist government are the most prevalent in society today.
In practice these governments are far from what they are theorized to be. The ideal government is hard to imagine, especially for me living under a constitutional monarch and a republic for my entire life, both in theory provide representation and promote egalitarian qualities.
To search for the ideal government, I researched into two great philosophers in John Locke and Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli wrote the fourteenth century political guide The Prince, expressing his new philosophies on how the ruler should rule and that relationship to his subjects.
John Locke, a significant influence in the conception of the American Constitution, valued the attributes that are cherished within the American Bill of Rights. His Two Treatise on Government claimed his beliefs in freedom and the irrefutable rights of man.
In both cases, a tyrannical regime is a possibility and is seen in the world today. To thoroughly understand and contrast the political ideologies of Locke and Machiavelli, we must first understand their persona, and the reason for their ideas.
The distinction of their time periods can help us understand why they both thought the way they did. His view on citizens as subjects solidifies his ideology as absolutist.
Though his thoughts on how the ruler must sustain power held great influence in of time when the common person was politically uneducated. Machiavelli felt that there was no reason for a prince to be put out of power and that they must do whatever it takes to the keep their power.
Machiavelli thought while the ruler kept his power through various methods, that the people would in turn be bettered by the political stability of their nation. Force can happen over night while deception is gradual, but more effective in the end.
Philosophers such as John Locke have directly opposing views on government purposed by Machiavelli. Revolt used as a check on the government, something that did not exist during the time of Machiavelli.
In terms of a republic Locke was the key figure in the development of the rights; focus on preserving the rights of man and sustaining the ideal government. Although flawed, the basis of almost every modern democracy originates from the Social Contract philosophers and in particular John Locke.
To put into perspective the ideal government, the role of these political philosophies on the subjects they rule must be compared.
The ultimate goal of a Machiavellian ruler would be to make sure the people would listen to you. In a time of monarchy it is not unusually for the people to both fear their ruler, but still love them like a God. Totalitarian Dictatorships usually adopt this ruling philosophy, as fear control a population.Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes are important political philosophers of their time.
The philosophers share similar negative views on the human nature. These negative views of human nature are reflected in their views of government, politics, and the treatment of citizens. John Locke's The Second Treatise of Government defines a legitimate government in relation to the protection of inalienable rights.
He views a Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence in the summer of good works, so as to enjoy paradise, as the medieval man did, the Renaissance man was interested in all things, enjoyed life.
Feb 24, · Niccolo Machiavelli () was a statesman in the Renaissance city of Florence in , during the overthrow of the Medici family. But his political career ended in when a Medici ruler (Lorenzo de Medici) again came to power. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
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As the field has matured, scholars have begun to explore connections between Green Theory and such canonical political thinkers as Plato, Machiavelli, Locke, and Marx. The essays in this volume put important figures from the political theory canon in dialogue with current environmental political theory.
Language. and interactive BBC section an introduction to the history of elizabethan society provides a nice introduction to the Protestant Foundation and Early Years The first meeting of the Hakluyt Society.