The heated subject has again come to the forefront due to the recent bans imposed on affirmative action by California and Washington. Bakke that universities are allowed to consider race as a factor when choosing which students to accept. Affirmative action was intended to level the racial playing field and give minorities chances in the workplace and the classroom that they would not have received in the absence of affirmative action.
Printer-Friendly Version One of the most controversial issues in the discussion of race relations in the U. Even after the recent ruling by the U. Supreme Court that race can be considered as a factor in admissions although not through a quota systemthe question still remains becomes, how does affirmative action affect Asian Americans?
What Exactly Is Affirmative Action? Affirmative action was first developed in the early s under President Kennedy, who said that government should take "affirmative action" to address the inequality and discrimination that Blacks still experience.
President Johnson strongly supported this policy and expanded it. Johnson gave a very famous speech about it in You do not take a person who has been hobbled by chains, liberate him, bring him up to the starting line, and then tell him that he's free to race against all the others and still justly believe that you have been completely fair.
Later, President Nixon was the first to set up specific federal guidelines to implement affirmative action policies. We should understand that there are several different forms of affirmative action, practiced by different types of organizations i.
From the beginning, quotas were very controversial in nature and generated much resentment from Whites who felt that they were arbitrarily and unfairly being denied access to such opportunities. These sentiments gave rise to the argument that affirmative action was simply reverse discrimination against Whites.
Through the years, various court cases challenged the legality and constitutionality of affirmative action programs. One of the first significant Supreme Court cases was Bakke v. Supreme Court finally ruled that the quota system used by the University of California was unconstitutional, but that affirmative action programs in general are legal and constitutional.
More important, using the Bakke case, the Supreme Court also concluded that a person's "race" could be used as one factor in admissions decisions, if it is used to increase "diversity" at that particular school. This principle has guided virtually all affirmative action programs since the late s.
Further, these days, quotas have almost universally been eliminated from affirmative action programs. Instead, affirmative action programs now generally rely on giving preferences preferential consideration to particular underrepresented groups in their decisions.
Continuing Controversies and Arguments Of course, switching from quotas to preferences has not lessened the controversy and disagreements over affirmative action.
The points of disagreement generally revolve around these basic arguments: Affirmative Action Means Rewarding Lazy and Unmotivated People The criticism is that affirmative action automatically rewards people who do not deserve such opportunities and who only rely on their "minority" status to get ahead in life.I have personally been racially discriminated for over 30 years in the work place as a result of affirmative action.
In each case, my immediate supervisor or manager was a minority, and in each and every case, that minority supervisor or manager showed favoritism towards members of their own minority group, applying double standards in the process (one for whites, one for members of their.
The Trump administration is targeting affirmative action policies at universities under a new initiative in the Justice Department. (Claritza Jimenez/The Washington Post). - Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a deliberate effort to provide full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas for women, minorities, and individuals belonging to other traditionally disadvantaged groups.
This report explores the issues before the Supreme Court of race-conscious affirmative action for college admissions, the continuing responsibilities of universities, and introduces a series of new studies, most commissioned by a collaboration between the Civil Rights Project and ETS.
Other Affirmative Action Cases.
Farmer v. Ramsay. In , a case against the University of Maryland School of Medicine was filed on the grounds of admission discrimination. Mission Statement. The mission of the department of Equal Employment & Affirmative Action (EEAA) is to affirm and promote the University’s commitment to non-discrimination, equal employment, affirmative action, and advocate the rights of all individuals to equal opportunity in all aspects of employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity.