During these years, the nation was transformed from an underdeveloped nation of farmers and frontiersmen into an urbanized economic powerhouse. As the industrialized North and the agricultural South grew further apart, five major trends dominated American economic, social, and political life during this period.
Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas ' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell 's votes centered in TennesseeKentuckyand Virginia.
The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president.
He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency. However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with a total of 49 percent.
Confederate Army flag Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal.
Lincoln's March 4,inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war. Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter.
The Civil War A Civil War is a war between opposing groups of citizens from the same country. In , two parts of America went to war against each other. After 4 years, the Union won. Many people died on both sides, and the South suffered terribly. No one expected the Civil War to be long. It became one of the worst wars in American history. A number of issues ignited the Civil War: states’ rights, the role of the federal government, The role of slavery in bringing on the Civil War has been hotly debated for decades. One important way of approaching the issue cotton produced in the American South earned more money than. Aug 15, · Was the slavery issue a justifiable reason for the American Civil war? How did the Civil War end slavery? Before the Civil War, the South insisted it needed slavery for its economy.
While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal. InRobert E.
Lee 's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg. Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grant 's command of all Union armies in Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T.
Sherman and his march to the sea. The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. Lee's escape attempt ended with his surrender at Appomattox Court Houseon April 9, While the military war was coming to an end, the political reintegration of the nation was to take another 12 years, known as the Reconstruction Era.
Confederate flag, the "Stars and Bars". The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars.Overview of the Pre-Civil War Era Digital History ID During the early 19th century, and especially after the War of , American society was profoundly transformed.
Even so, by the time of the American Revolution and eventual adoption of the new Constitution in , slavery was actually a dying institution.
As part of the compromises that allowed the Constitution to be written and adopted, the founders agreed to end the importation of slaves into the United States by The Civil War was the deadliest war in American history.
Over , soldiers died in the war. The fighting started at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12, No issue has more scarred our country nor had more long-term effects than slavery.
When we celebrate American freedom, we must also be mindful of the long and painful struggle to share in those freedoms that faced and continue to face generations of African Americans.
To . A number of issues ignited the Civil War: states’ rights, the role of the federal government, The role of slavery in bringing on the Civil War has been hotly debated for decades.
One important way of approaching the issue cotton produced in the American South earned more money than. Although small-scale slave uprisings were fairly common in the American South, Nat Turner’s rebellion was the bloodiest.
Virginia lawmakers reacted to the crisis by rolling back what few civil rights slaves and free black people possessed at the time.