The Trial of Lizzie Borden By Doug Linder Actually, the Bordens received only 29 whacks, not the 81 suggested by the famous ditty, but the popularity of the above poem is a testament to the public's fascination with the murder trial of Lizzie Borden. The source of that fascination might lie in the almost unimaginably brutal nature of the crime--given the sex, background, and age of the defendant--or in the jury's acquittal of Lizzie in the face of prosecution evidence that most historians today find compelling.
Background On a hot August 4, at 92 Second Street in Fall River, Massachusetts, Bridget "Maggie" Sullivan, the maid in the Borden family residence rested in her bed after having washed the outside windows. She heard the bell at City Hall ring and looked at her clock: A cry from Lizzie Borden, the younger of two Borden daughters broke the silence: Under the headline "Shocking Crime: Borden and his wife had lived in happiness.
The left eye had been dug out and a cut extended the length of the nose. Most significantly, Eli Bence, a clerk at S. The Boston Herald, meanwhile, viewed Lizzie as above suspicion: Increasingly, suspicion turned toward Lizzie, since her older sister, Emma, was out of the home at the time of the murders.
The barn loft where she said she looked revealed no footprints on the dusty floor and the stifling heat in the loft seemed likely to discourage anyone from spending more than a few minutes searching for equipment that would not be used for days.
Theories about a tall male intruder were reconsidered, and one "leading physician" explained that "hacking is almost a positive sign of a deed by a woman who is unconscious of what she is doing.
During her four hours examination, Lizzie gave confused and contradictory answers. On August 22, Lizzie returned to a Fall River courtroom for her preliminary hearing, at the end of which Judge Josiah Blaisdell pronounced her "probably guilty" and ordered her to face a grand jury and possible charges for the murder of her parents.
In November, the grand jury met. After first refusing to issue an indictment, the jury reconvened and heard new evidence from Alice Russell, a family friend who stayed with the two Borden sisters in the days following the murders. Russell told grand jurors that she had witnessed Lizzie Borden burning a blue dress in a kitchen fire allegedly because, as Lizzie explained her action, it was covered with "old paint.
A high-powered defense team, including Andrew Jennings and George Robinson the former governor of Massachusettsrepresented the defendant, while District Attorney Knowlton and Thomas Moody argued the case for the prosecution.
The first several witnesses for the state testified concerning events in and around the Borden home on the morning of August 4, The most important of these witnesses, twenty-six-year-old Bridget Sullivan, testified that Lizzie was the only person she saw in the home at the time her parents were murdered, though she provided some consolation to the defense when she said that she had not witnessed, during her over two years of service to the family, signs of the rumored ugly relationship between Lizzie and her stepmother.
For example, Hannah H. Several witnesses described seeing Andrew Borden at various points in town in the two hours before he returned home to his death.
Household guest John Morse, age sixty, described having breakfast in the Borden home on the morning of the murders and then leaving the house to perform chores.
The next set of witnesses described events and conversations after discovery of the murders. Adelaide Churchill, a Borden neighbor and another important witness, remembered Lizzie wearing a light blue dress with a diamond figure on it, but did not recall seeing any blood spots it.
Lizzie corrected him, he testified, when he called Abby Borden her "mother. Russell described a visit from Lizzie the night before the murders in which she announced that she would soon be going on a vacation and felt "that something is hanging over me--I cannot tell what it is. Russell recounted that when she asked Lizzie what she was doing with the blue dress, she replied, "I am going to burn this old thing up; it is covered with paint.
Despite a thorough search of the Borden home, the alleged note never was found. Russell said she sarcastically suggested to Lizzie that her mother might have burned the note. Lizzie, according to Russell, replied, "Yes, she must have. The defense also explored holes in the prosecution case: Where, the defense asked, is the handle that supposedly broke off from the axe head that the state hauled into court and claimed was part of the murder weapon?
The state had no answer. Lizzie should have been warned, the judges said, that she had a right under the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution to remain silent.
The prosecution rested its case on June 14 after one final defeat. The state wanted to have druggist Eli Bence recount for the jury his story of Lizzie Borden visiting a Fall River drug store on the day before the murders and asking for ten cents worth of prussic acid, a poison.
With the jurors excused, each leaving the courtroom with a palm leaf fan and ice water, the state tried to establish through medical experts, druggists, furriers, and chemists, the qualities, properties, and uses of prussic acid. The defense presented only a handful of witnesses.
Benjamin Handfy testified that he saw a pale-faced young man on the sidewalk near 92 Second Street around Emma testified that Lizzie and her father enjoyed a good relationship.The figure seems about right.
From the Wall Street Journal article Fast-Paced Best Seller: Author Russell Blake Thrives on Volumes “In , self-published books accounted for 32% of the top selling e-books on Amazon each week, on average.”. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
The experiences of Muslim women (Arabic: مسلمات Muslimāt, singular مسلمة Muslima) vary widely between and within different societies. At the same time, their adherence to Islam is a shared factor that affects their lives to a varying degree and gives them a common identity that may serve to bridge the wide cultural, social, and economic differences between them.
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Victoria’s Secret Company starts working in San Francisco in the year The company was establish by Roy Ramond, who was a graduate student and want to buy buying lingerie for his wife from a departmental store and he feels shy while buying the products, thus he build his own store which have the option of both by hand and through mail.