Although much maligned over the last decade or so, case reports are now more widely recognised for their significant potential benefits: However these benefits rely on two key challenges; being able to write the report in a clear and engaging way, and then being able to persuade someone else to publish it.
Received May 8; Accepted Jun Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences published by Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd on behalf of Australian Institute of Radiography and New Zealand Institute of Medical Radiation Technology This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract A case report is a description of important scientific observations that are missed or undetectable in clinical trials.
This includes a rare or unusual clinical condition, a previously unreported or unrecognized disease, unusual side effects to therapy or response to treatment, and unique use of imaging modalities or diagnostic tests to assist diagnosis of a disease.
Generally, a case report should be short and focussed, with its main components being the abstract, introduction, case description, and discussion. This article discusses the essential components of a case report, with the aim of providing guidelines and tips to novice authors to improve their writing skills.
Case reports, publishing, research, writing Introduction For many doctors and other healthcare professionals, writing a case report represents the first effort at getting articles published in medical journals and it is considered a useful exercise in learning how to write scientifically due to similarity of the basic methodology.
In the hierarchy of evidence-based medicine, randomized controlled trials are placed at the top, superseded by systematic reviews and meta-analyses, followed by prospective experimental trials, then observational studies, case—control studies, and case series at the bottom.
Case reports are infrequently cited, and therefore, publishing case reports is likely to decrease the journal's impact factor. Recognition and description of a new disease Recognition of rare manifestations of a known disease Elucidation of the mechanisms of a disease Detection of adverse or beneficial side effects of drugs and other treatments Medical education and audit Two main roles are recognized for case reports published in medical imaging and radiology journals: The case report as a source of new knowledge refers to visualization of a new manifestation or finding, or clearer demonstration of a known feature of a disease, using a new imaging technology or an imaging method.
Educational value instead of extreme rarity is the main virtue of a case report worthy of publication.Case series conducted over the past four decades identify amphetamines as a cause of stroke in 6%–13% of haemorrhagic15 20 30–32 and 2%–6% of ischaemic stroke16 These differences reflect rates of use in the area the study was undertaken, and change in use patterns over time.
Supplemental figures should be cited as “Online Figure 1, Online Figure 2,” etc. Figure titles should be short and followed by a 2 to 3 sentence caption. Your Central Illustration, if not . Citing & Referencing Guide: BMJ Vancouver Style Guide originally produced by the Library, Imperial How to write a reference list 4 Example of a reference list 4 DVD/Video: the series title should be used as the author.
Tips on good quotation practice. Case conferences were initially chaired by the specialist from palliative care, but over time facility staff recognised that they developed the skills and confidence to run these interactions: The case conference was easier than we thought.
Unintended pregnancies with etonogestrel implant (Implanon): a case series from postmarketing experience in Australia (1 October, ) Judy Murty The association of hysterectomy and menopause: a prospective cohort study (1 October, ) Free.
To help you write full case reports we have prepared this template which provides advice for each section. On submission you will be asked to upload one Word template as well as any figures and accompanying files.