These men changed lives and stood up for millions of Africans and African Americans during their short lives. They also believed that black people in the United States as well as Africans mainly in South Africa deserved the same rights and equality as any other man in the world. They lived through the rough era of the discrimination in the United States and Apartheid in South Africa. We will write a custom essay sample on Steve Biko vs.
InSteve Biko and other Steve biko black consciousness essays students frustrated with white leadership in multi-racial student organizations formed an exclusively black association.
When the South African government understood the threat Black Consciousness posed to apartheid, it worked to silence the movement and its leaders. Biko was banished to his home district in the Eastern Cape, where he continued to build community development programs and have a strong political influence.
His death at the hands of security police in September revealed the brutality of South African security forces and the extent to which the state would go to maintain white supremacy.
Since then, Biko has loomed over the history of the Black Consciousness movement as a powerful icon and celebrated hero while others have looked to Black Consciousness in forging a new black future for South Africa.
While many parts of the African continent gained independence, the apartheid state increased its repression of black liberation movements in the s. In the latter part of the decade, the major anti-apartheid organizations worked underground or in exile.
The state also increased its extra-legal tactics of intimidation, silencing some activists by kidnapping or killing them. This state action crippled anti-apartheid activity and instilled a sense of fear in the larger black community.
The state also began creating so-called homelands—small reserves intended to become independent countries for specific ethnic groups to curb black political opposition and urbanization while retaining access to black labor. All of this perpetuated deep-seated cultural racism in South Africa.
As state repression increased, universities and churches tended to have greater freedom to speak out against the government and facilitated the sharing of ideas. The s saw an increase in Christian social movements and growing opposition to apartheid in churches and ecumenical organizations. Both economic prosperity and greater government control led to higher numbers of black students in primary and secondary schools and the expansion of black universities, segregated according to ethnicity.
Although apartheid education restricted black aspirations, these schools also became places of politicization where black students could come together and share ideas and experiences.
These elements along with the daily experiences and interpretations of individuals who made up the Black Consciousness movement all contributed to its growth.
As emerging young adults unencumbered by the fear of older generations, these activists looked for a way to fundamentally change their society. They did this first by targeting the mind of black people in South Africa. But the movement was also about immediate and relevant action that would make South Africans self-reliant.
In other words, it sought a full liberation of black South Africans by starting at the level of the individual, an approach not overtly political to begin with. Black students at various universities, especially at the University of Natal Medical School—Black Section UNBthe University of Fort Hare, and the University of the North at Turfloop, became increasingly frustrated with the limits of white student leadership in multiracial organizations.
Led primarily by Steve Biko and Barney Pityana, black students decided to form an exclusively black organization to more effectively advance the cause of the oppressed in South Africa. SASO laid the foundation for what would grow beyond universities and student groups to become a wider movement.
SASO students also started engaging in community development programs and artistic and literary production and eventually moved into political defiance against the state. Members of SASO as university students had access to a number of different ideas and engaged with each other—students who came to universities with diverse backgrounds, but similar experiences.Free Essay: Malcolm X and Steve Biko Black Consciousness Malcolm X and Steve Biko were one of the two most preeminent leaders in world history.
These men. The Black Consciousness Movement was formed in the mid- to lates by Steve Biko, and like minded activists in South Africa, as a reaction to the Apartheid . Steve Biko was one of them.
As an activist, Steve Biko dedicated his entire life by fighting apartheid in South Africa. The black consciousness movement he founded, his speeches and writings, and his leadership have played a significant role in fighting apartheid.
The emergence of the Black Consciousness movement that swept across the country in the s can best be explained in the context of the events from onwards.
After the Sharpeville massacre in On 12 September the Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko died while in the custody of security police.
more. The Ideology of the Black. The Black Consciousness movement of South Africa instigated a social, cultural, and political awakening in the country in the s. By the mids, major anti-apartheid organizations in South Africa such as the African National Congress and Pan-Africanist Congress had been virtually silenced by government repression.
In , Steve Biko and other black students frustrated with white. The Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa is synonymous with its founder, Biko. From the beginning of Biko’s political life until his death, he remains one of the indisputable icons of the Black struggle against apartheid.