Board of Education In the spring ofblack students in Virginia protested their unequal status in the state's segregated educational system. Students at Moton High School protested the overcrowded conditions and failing facility. The NAACP proceeded with five cases challenging the school systems; these were later combined under what is known today as Brown v. Supreme Court ruled unanimously in Brown v.
The symbolic first meeting of American and Soviet soldiers occurred at Torgau, Ger. Their handshakes and toasts in beer and vodka celebrated their common victory over Nazi Germany and marked the collapse of old Europe altogether; but their… Origins of the Cold War Following the surrender of Nazi Germany in May near the close of World War IIthe uneasy wartime alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel.
By the Soviets had installed left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe that had been liberated by the Red Army.
The Americans and the British feared the permanent Soviet domination of eastern Europe and the threat of Soviet-influenced communist parties coming to power in the democracies of western Europe. The Soviets, on the other hand, were determined to maintain control of eastern Europe in order to safeguard against any possible renewed threat from Germany, and they were intent on spreading communism worldwide, largely for ideological reasons.
The Cold War had solidified by —48, when U. The struggle between superpowers The Cold War reached its peak in — In this period the Soviets unsuccessfully blockaded the Western-held sectors of West Berlin —49 ; the United States and its European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATOa unified military command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe ; the Soviets exploded their first atomic warheadthus ending the American monopoly on the atomic bomb; the Chinese communists came to power in mainland China ; and the Soviet-supported communist government of North Korea invaded U.
From to Cold War tensions relaxed somewhat, largely owing to the death of the longtime Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin in ; nevertheless, the standoff remained. Another intense stage of the Cold War was in — The United States and the Soviet Union began developing intercontinental ballistic missilesand in the Soviets began secretly installing missiles in Cuba that could be used to launch nuclear attacks on U.
This sparked the Cuban missile crisisa confrontation that brought the two superpowers to the brink of war before an agreement was reached to withdraw the missiles.
The two superpowers soon signed the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty ofwhich banned aboveground nuclear weapons testing. National Archives and Records Administration Throughout the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union avoided direct military confrontation in Europe and engaged in actual combat operations only to keep allies from defecting to the other side or to overthrow them after they had done so.
Thus, the Soviet Union sent troops to preserve communist rule in East GermanyHungaryCzechoslovakiaand Afghanistan For its part, the United States helped overthrow a left-wing government in Guatemalasupported an unsuccessful invasion of Cubainvaded the Dominican Republic and Grenadaand undertook a long —75 and unsuccessful effort to prevent communist North Vietnam from bringing South Vietnam under its rule see Vietnam War.
Soviet invasionCzechs confronting Soviet troops in Prague, August 21, Soviet forces had invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the reform movement known as the Prague Spring.
A major split had occurred between the Soviet Union and China in and widened over the years, shattering the unity of the communist bloc. Less-powerful countries had more room to assert their independence and often showed themselves resistant to superpower coercion or cajoling.
The s saw an easing of Cold War tensions as evinced in the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks SALT that led to the SALT I and II agreements of andrespectively, in which the two superpowers set limits on their antiballistic missiles and on their strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons.
That was followed by a period of renewed Cold War tensions in the early s as the two superpowers continued their massive arms buildup and competed for influence in the Third World.
But the Cold War began to break down in the late s during the administration of Soviet leader Mikhail S. He dismantled the totalitarian aspects of the Soviet system and began efforts to democratize the Soviet political system.
When communist regimes in the Soviet-bloc countries of eastern Europe collapsed in —90, Gorbachev acquiesced in their fall. In late the Soviet Union collapsed and 15 newly independent nations were born from its corpse, including a Russia with a democratically elected, anticommunist leader.
The Cold War had come to an end. Reagan, Ronald; Gorbachev, MikhailU.Jul 30, · This set of documents ended the French war with the Vietminh and divided Vietnam into North and South states.
The communist leader of North Vietnam was Ho Chi Minh while the US friendly south was led by Ngo Dinh Diem. Start studying The American Journey Chapter's Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. The main western economic alliance that developed in the early years of the Cold War centered on. United States, Western Europe, Japan American bombing of neutral Cambodia during the Vietnam war. January The United States launches the world's first nuclear submarine, April North Vietnam wins the war in South Vietnam.
The South Vietnam regime falls with the surrender of Saigon and the two countries are united under a Communist government. Cold War Almanac (2 vol ), pp of brief facts; Parrish, Thomas.
The. The Vietnam War is officially over for the United States. The last U.S.
combat soldier leaves Vietnam, but military advisors and some Marines remain. Over 3 million Americans have served in the war, nearly 60, are dead, some , are wounded, and at least 1, are missing in action. The Cold War was the period of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States, and their allies, between the end of World War 2 and the late s.
Development & Impact of the Cold War: The Vietnam War The war itself can be traced back long before through conflict within the region dating back to the mids.
|Signup to our Newsletter||In the fall ofafter serious domestic opposition to Diem arose, Kennedy backed away from support of Diem himself but publicly reaffirmed belief in the domino theory and the importance of containing communism in Southeast Asia. Three weeks after Diem was murdered in a military coup in early NovemberKennedy was assassinated in Dallas; his successor Lyndon B.|
The rise of Ho Chi Minh and his communist Viet Minh party in North Vietnam during this time and the continued Cold War tension between the two global superpowers, the.