Men can employ it as a tool or they can dance around it as if it were the incarnation of a god. Money votes socialist or monarchist, finds a profit in pornography or translations from the Bible, commissions Rembrandt and underwrites the technology of Auschwitz.
Background on legal education in common law countries[ edit ] To become a lawyer and practice law in most states and countries, a person must first obtain a law degree. While in most common law countries a Bachelor of Laws or LL. The degree is earned by completing law school in the United StatesCanadaAustraliaand other common law countries.
Many who hold the degree of Juris Doctor are professionals committed to the practice of lawand may choose to focus their practice on criminal lawtortfamily lawcorporate lawor a wide range of other areas. The majority of individuals holding a J.
The word legum is the genitive plural form of the Latin word lex and means "of the laws". When used in the plural, it signifies a specific body of laws, as opposed to the general collective concept embodied in the word jus, from which the words "juris" and "justice" derive.
The highest research degree in law is the S. There are also variant doctoral degrees, such as the D. Most schools require an LL. Like the PhD, the SJD degree generally requires a dissertation that is graded often by two gradersorally defended by an exam known as viva voce and then often published as a book or series of articles.
The "Doctor of Laws" LL. International situation[ edit ] Historically, the LL. Over the past years, however, specialized LL. Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Cyprus, Italy and Switzerland require a Master's with an additional two to five years to become a lawyer.
As ofSpain requires a master's degree in addition to a 4 years' degree to become a lawyer. In Finland, an LL. The Dutch Order of Lawyers NOVA require these courses for every potential candidate lawyer who wants to be conditionally written in the district court for three years. Most universities offer only a small number of LL.
One of the most popular LL.
Some law schools allow LL. Eur Master of European Law. In the Netherlands and its former colonies, the title used was Meester in de Rechten Mr. Moreover, some programs are conducted in more than one language, give the students the opportunity to undertake classes in differing languages.
Requirements[ edit ] LL. There are exceptions to this but an undergraduate degree or extensive experience in a related field is still required.
Most programs require students to write a thesis. Some programs are research oriented with little classroom time similar to a M. Some associations provide LL. Australia[ edit ] In Australiathe LL.Coercion, Capital, and European States charts a grand theory of history that attempts to explain why Europe in the late 20th century looks like it does, a fairly uniform sprawl of nation-state social democracies, as opposed to the diverse variety of political systems existent over the past years: feudal baronies, city-states, sprawling empires.
tax rates and even if it were, the revenue may not accrue to the central government in a federal set up like India where the states have traditionally held the power to levy sales tax Rajaraman (), implying.
This study is on ‘An Assessment of New tax reforms and their impacts on Tax evasion and tax avoidance, a case study of federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) Maiduguri.
56 INDIA POLICY FORUM, such as the International Monetary Fund, Indian tax reforms have largely borne a domestic brand. They have been calibrated to changes in the devel-.
(2) Superior marketing, (3) Huge financial resources, (4) Technological edge, and (5) Innovation of products. In India, since the announcement of the liberalised foreign investment policy in , there has been a spurt in the number of MNCs as well as foreign collaborations.
However, developing countries face numerous tax policy challenges when they attempt to establish efficient tax systems. Uganda’s tax structure has been greatly improved in recent years, and it appears to mirror the tax system in other increase tax revenues.
This thesis reviews the pros and cons of changes made to the tax.