The Ironclads The Crimean War persuaded all maritime powers that sailing ships must be converted to steam power for a nation to secure its waters. By the end of the war Russia found itself almost defenseless at sea.
Others 3, How useful are these official statistics for understanding the extent and types of women's work in the s? Look at this quote: They wore short trousers, clogs and aprons as these clothes were safer near machinary. Many women were employed in small industries like shirt making, nail making, chain making and shoe stitching.
These were known as 'sweated industries' because the working hours were long and pay was very low. Discuss 15 mins What does the evidence below tell us about the conditions of women and children working in the 'sweated industries' in ? The common hours of business are from 8 a.
M in the winters; in the summer from 6 or half-past 6 A. During the fashionable season, that is from April til the latter end of July, it frequently happens that the ordinary hours are greatly exceeded; if there is a drawing-room or grand fete, or mourning to be made, it often happens that the work goes on for 20 hours out of the 24, occasionally all night The general result of the long hours and sedentary occupation is to impair seriously and very frequently to destroy the health of the young women.
The digestion especially suffers, and also the lungs: Miss … is sure that there are some thousands of young women employed in the business in London and in the country. If one vacancy were to occur now there would be 20 applicants for it. The wages generally are very low Thinks that no men could endure the work enforced from the dress-makers.
Women's wages Throughout most of this period women were paid less than their male counterpart working alongside them, which created great financial difficulties for working women. From the s onwards, trade unions began to be established, first among better paid workers and they then expanded to represent a wider range of workers.
However, women remained for the most part excluded from trade unions, and unequal pay was the norm. In many cases, women attempted to demand better rights and some were supported by social reformers.
The success of the strike led the strikers to form one of the early trade unions.During the first decades of the 19th century, U.S.
merchants amassed sizable fortunes that they subsequently invested in the development of their homeland. As this trade grew, U.S.
traders built a small outpost in China and their interactions with Chinese subjects .
The United States experienced a significant period of urbanization during the late 19th and early 20th century, due in part to the draw of its strong post-industrial economy. Small-town residents and immigrants from Europe flocked to American cities, which strengthened U.S. industry but also created a number of health and social problems.
The latter half of the nineteenth century was an important period in Chinese American history. The story of their migration from their homeland to America to seek riches with their combined strength, knowledge and skills changed the face of Hawaii and the American West.
Sep 05, · Another group of immigrants who arrived against their will during the colonial period were black slaves from West Africa. in the midth century. In the s, almost half of America’s.
Latter Half of the 19th Century; The Russo-Japanese War; This American "expedition" enabled the Russian fleet to achieve two objectives. Firstly, Great Britain did not continue its naval struggle with Russia because the British perceived a very real threat at sea.
The strengthening of the Russian fleet played an important role in the. By the 19th century, district magistrates at the lowest level of the Chinese bureaucracy were responsible for the welfare, control, and taxation of an average of , people.
This left control and responsibility for government increasingly in the hands of local leaders whose allegiances were to their localities and families, rather than to.